Setting up DevStack with Neutron

By Sphoorti Joglekar

Devstack is an All-In-One shell script widely used by OpenStack-devs to build a complete OpenStack development environment. It is advisable to install DevStack on a virtual machine and take periodic snapshots of the VM. When things go messy, you can easily revert back to a working snapshot!

Prerequisites :

  1. Install VirtualBox
  2. Download the minimal ubuntu iso for Ubuntu 12.04. All other additional dependencies will be installed during DevStack setup.
  3. Create a new VM having a minimum requirement of 2 GB RAM and 20 GB of storage.
  4. After the VM is successfully created, run the following commands in terminal :-
    1. $ sudo apt-get update
    2. $ sudo apt-get install git

After the initial setup, its time to install DevStack !

  1. Clone the DevStack repository :-$ git clone git://
  2. Switch to the cloned devstack directory :- $ cd devstack
  3. Run the following command :- devstack$ cp /samples/local.conf local.conf
  4. Open the local.conf file and edit the password fields and add neutron to enabled services


    disable_service n-net

  5. Now run the shell script to setup DevStack development environment. devstack$ ./
    The script takes a while to complete.
If fails with following error :
2014-03-28 20:39:57.007 | E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11: Resource temporarily unavailable)  
2014-03-28 20:39:57.009 | E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/), is another process using it?  
2014-03-28 20:39:57.016 | ++ err_trap  
2014-03-28 20:39:57.018 | ++ local r=100  
2014-03-28 20:39:57.019 | failed: full log in /opt/stack/logs/  

This error usually occurs when the ubuntu package manager is running in background. A workaround for this is :-
$ sudo fuser -v /var/lib/dpkg/lock

On successful installation, you ll be prompted to relevant URLs, accounts and passwords!

Running unit tests for neutron :

The tests folder can be found at /opt/stack/neutron/neutron/. The tests are categorized mainly as :-

  1. Unit Tests - The source code is divided into small modules and each module is tested independently to ensure that the module conforms to its intended behavior. Mock objects are used to test the modules in isolation.
    You could take a look at the Python Mock Module.

  2. Functional Tests - These tests describe what the software structure actually does by validating the output based on the given input.

The tests can be run using the ./ script or using tox or nose . Tox creates a virtual environment for running the tests cases. It uses Testr_ for managing the running of the test cases.

  1. /opt/stack/neutron/$ :- ./ -V
    The script runs all the tests from the root source directory.

  2. /opt/stack/neutron/$ :- tox -e py27
    This runs all the unit tests for python 2.7 version dependencies.

These tests take a lot of time to run!

Individual tests can also be run using the following syntax. :-</em>

./ neutron.tests.unit.test _wsgi

Using tox :-

tox -e py27 neutron.tests.unit.test_wsgi

The pep8 tests can be run using tox as follows:

tox -e pep8 neutron.tests.unit.test_wsgi